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what is the cabinet

Providing a forum for ministerial debate on issues of general interest 4. "The President and the Cabinet", in Michael Nelson, ed., This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 18:54. The United States Constitution does not explicitly establish a Cabinet. Members of the Cabinet (except for the vice president) are appointed by the president, subject to confirmation by the Senate; once confirmed, they serve at the pleasure of the president, who can dismiss them at any time without the approval of the Senate, as affirmed by the Supreme Court in Myers v. United States (1926). The function of a cabinet varies: in some countries it is a collegiate decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government. Presidents have used Cabinet meetings of selected principal officers but to widely differing extents and for different purposes. The Cabinet includes the vice president and the heads of 15 executive departments, listed here according to their order of succession to the presidency. Advisory body to the president of the United States, Current Cabinet and Cabinet-rank officials, Vice president and the heads of the executive departments, Former executive and Cabinet-level departments, Renamed heads of the executive departments, Other positions no longer of Cabinet rank. "Department of Urban Affairs and Housing", proposed by President, "Department of Business and Labor", proposed by President. Haspel served as Acting Director from April 26, 2018 until May 21, 2018. A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch.

Members of a cabinet are usually called cabinet ministers or secretaries. "Department of Community Development", proposed by President Richard Nixon; to be chiefly concerned with rural infrastructure development. § 5312, and those forty-six positions on Level II pay (including the number two positions of the executive departments) are listed in 5 U.S.C. The Cabinet is the team of 20 or so most senior ministers in the Government who are chosen by the Prime Minister to lead on specific policy areas such as Health, Transport, Foreign Affairs or Defence. Washington's Cabinet consisted of five members: himself, Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of War Henry Knox and Attorney General Edmund Randolph. [1][2] The Constitution does not specify what the executive departments will be, how many there will be, or what their duties will be. The members of the Cabinet are the vice president and the secretary of state and other heads of the federal executive departments, all of whom — if eligible — are in the presidential line of succession. But President Abraham Lincoln rebuffed Seward, and Woodrow Wilson would have none of it in his administration. For a full list of people nominated for Cabinet positions, see Formation of Donald Trump's Cabinet. An elected vice president does not require Senate confirmation, nor does the White House chief of staff, which is an appointed staff position of the Executive Office of the President. The Cabinet members introduce legislation and serve on committees within the Cabinet. In recent administrations, Cabinets have grown to include key White House staff in addition to department and various agency heads. As a result of the debates, the Constitution (Article II, Section 1, Clause 1) vests "all executive power" in the president singly, and authorizes—but does not compel—the president (Article II, Section 2, Clause 1) to "require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices". Additionally, the Twenty-fifth Amendment authorizes the vice president, together with a majority of certain members of the Cabinet, to declare the president "unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office".

[6], The annual salary of the vice president is $235,300.

These 15 positions are the core "cabinet member" seats, as distinct from other Cabinet-level seats for other various top level White House staffers and heads of other government agencies, none of whom are in the presidential line of succession and not all of whom are officers of the United States. Vought served as acting Director from January 2, 2019 to July 22, 2020. Cabinets are chaired by the Prime Minister (or in the provinces, by a premier) and ministers are most often elected politicians drawn from the party holding the most seats in the House of Commons (or the provincial legislature).
All federal public officials, including Cabinet members, are also subject to impeachment by the House of Representatives and trial in the Senate for "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors" (Article II, Section 4).

George Washington, the first U.S. president, organized his principal officers into a Cabinet, and it has been part of the executive branch structure ever since.

"Department of Children and Youth", proposed by Marianne Williamson. ", "Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress", "President Donald J. Trump Announces His Cabinet", "President Clinton Raises FEMA Director to Cabinet Status", "Emergency Managers Make It Official: They Want FEMA Out of DHS", "Remarks by the President and Lee Brown, Director of Office of National Drug Control Policy", "New drug czar gets lower rank, promise of higher visibility", "President Trump announces his full Cabinet roster", "116 - Special Message to the Congress on Executive Branch Reorganization", "History of Legislation to Create a Dept. Led by the country's prime minister, the Cabinet directs the federal government by determining priorities and policies, as well as ensuring their implementation. These may be existing high-level career employees, from political appointees of the outgoing administration (for new administrations), or sometimes lower-level appointees of the administration.[5]. Chaired by the prime minister, the Cabinet is a committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada and the senior echelon of the Ministry, the membership of the Cabinet and ministry often being co-terminal; as of November 2015 there are no members of the latter who are not also members of the former. § 302 with regard to delegation of authority by the president, it is provided that "nothing herein shall be deemed to require express authorization in any case in which such an official would be presumed in law to have acted by authority or direction of the President." Bernhardt served as Acting Secretary from January 2, 2019 until April 11, 2019. Cabinets are typically the body responsible for the day-to-day mana… "Department of Environmental Protection", proposed by Senator, "Department of Intelligence", proposed by former, "Department of Global Development", proposed by the, "Department of Business", proposed by President, "Department of Education and the Workforce" proposed by President, "Department of Health and Public Welfare" proposed by President, "Department of Economic Development" proposed by Senator, "Department of Technology" proposed by businessman and 2020 Democratic presidential Candidate.

of Peace", "10 - Summary of the Report of the Committee on Administrative Management", "23 - Special Message to the Congress Transmitting Reorganization Plan 1 of 1962", "121 - Special Message to the Congress: The Quality of American Government", "33 - Special Message to the Congress on Rural Development", "Time for a Cabinet-Level U.S. Department of Global Development", "Quincy Jones Lobbies Obama for Secretary of Culture Post", "President Obama Announces proposal to reform, reorganize and consolidate Government", "Obama Suggests 'Secretary of Business' in a 2nd Term - Washington Wire - WSJ", "White House Proposes Merging Education And Labor Departments", "Delivering Government Solutions in the 21st Century | Reform Plan and Reorganization Recommendations", "Regulate AI and other Emerging Technologies", U.S. Senate's list of Cabinet members who did not attend the State of the Union Address (since 1984), Federal executive departments of the United States of America, The Governor (of the state in which the event is held), The Governors of the States (by order of statehood), Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cabinet_of_the_United_States&oldid=985578058, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, National Military Establishment (1947–1949), headed by the, Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare: created in 1953 and renamed, "Department of Industry and Commerce", proposed by Secretary of the Treasury, "Department of Natural Resources", proposed by the, "Department of Social Welfare", proposed by President. "Department of Economic Affairs" proposed by President Richard Nixon; essentially a consolidation of the Departments of Commerce, Labor, and Agriculture. The Cabinet has always been led by the Prime Minister, whose originally unpaid office as such was traditionally described as merely primus inter pares (first among equals), but today the Prime Minister is the preeminent head of government, with the effective power to appoint and dismiss Cabinet ministers and to control the Cabinet's agenda.

Cabinet, in political systems, a body of advisers to a head of state who also serve as the heads of government departments. Vice President John Adams was not included in Washington's Cabinet because the position was initially regarded as a legislative officer (president of the Senate). Providing adequate information to the Prime Minister to carry out his/her responsibilities and leadership role

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